The Amazon Jungle, the world's largest remaining rainforest, stretches from eastern Ecuador to the Atlantic Ocean and covers an area almost as large as the continental USA. Fully one-third of Ecuador consists of Amazon rainforest. Ecuador's eastern jungle is often referred to as the Oriente by locals.
The Amazon is characterized by exuberantly green tropical forest extending as far as the eye can see. This sea of green is criss-crossed by hundreds of winding rivers, estuaries and lagoons. Within its dense vegetation an abundance of exotic flora and fauna can be found. For those who are looking for an unforgettable adventure, walking through these tropical forests, sleeping in rustic cabins and sharing a day with the native peoples of this mysterious region is just the ticket.
Climate in the Amazon
In the Ecuadorian jungle, the climate is tropical. You should be very careful with the mosquitoes that are plentiful. Long sleeve shirts and insect repellant are a must. The approximate temperature is 26¼ C. Constant rains, intense humidity and heat are characteristic of the jungle.
If you travel to the Oriente (jungle) you will need:
Small day pack
light weight clothing
clothing for humid climates
at least one long sleeved shirt
one pair of pants (no jeans)
bandana or hat
one pair of clean socks per day
flashlight and batteries
medication for people that are allergic to insect bites and stings
water purifying tablets
oral re-hydration packets
binoculars (absolutely essential in the jungle)
plastic bags to keep your clothing dry and for things that shouldn't get wet
The Wealth of the Rainforests
The Amazon Rainforest covers over a billion acres, encompassing areas in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and the Eastern Andean region of Ecuador and Peru. If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world.
The Amazon Rainforest has been described as the "Lungs of our Planet" because it provides the essential environmental world service of continuously recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. More than 20 percent of the world oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rainforest.
More than half of the world's estimated 10 million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical rainforests. One-fifth of the world's fresh water is in the Amazon Basin.
One hectare (2.47 acres) may contain over 750 types of trees and 1500 species of higher plants.
At least 80% of the developed world's diet originated in the tropical rainforest. Its bountiful gifts to the world include fruits like avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, pineapples, mangos and tomatoes; vegetables including corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash and yams; spices like black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, tumeric, coffee and vanilla and nuts.
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